the Great Being, she intoned the
Who's that even though the coast is nowhere to be seen, is still
swimming in the midst of the ocean waves? What mighty use do
you see in striving to swim in this manner?
Then the Great Being opined: "To this morning, we have been
swimming the ocean for seven days. All that time we have seen
nary a soul as companion. Now, who is that speaking to me?"
Looking up skywards, he saw Mani Mekhala. Therepon, he intoned
the second staza:
O Goddess, we have reflected upon the worldly behaviour and
the merits of perseverance. Thus, we conclude that, even through
we do not see the shores, we still have to persist in our swimming
in the wide ocean.
Mani Mekhala desiring to hear a further discourse from the Great
Being, intoned another stanza:
The coast of the unfathomable ocean is assuredly not visible
to you. Your heroic efforts are thus of no avail; you will be
Any individual who practices perseverance, even in the face
of death, will not be in any debt to relatives or gods or father
or mother. Furthermore, any individual who does his duty like
a man, will enjoy Ultimate Peace in the future.
At this point, the goddess addressed the Great Being with
Any enterprise that is not achieved through perseverance,
is fruitless; obstacles will occur. When any enterprise undertaken
with such misdirected effort results in Death showing his face,
what is the use of such enterprise and misdirected effort?
After Mani Mekhala had spoken in this manner, the Great Being,
in order to convince the goddess completely, intoned the next
Hark o Goddess! Anyone who knows for sure that his activities
will not meet with success, can be deemed to be doomed; if that
one desists from perseverance in that way, he will surely receive
the consequence of his indolence.
Hark o Goddess! Some people in this world
to get results for their endeavours even if they don't succeed.
Hark, o Goddess! You do see clearly the results of actions, don't
you? All the others have drowned in the ocean; we alone, are
still swimming and have seen you hovering near us. As for us,
we are going to endeavour further to the utmost of our ability;
we are going to strive like a man should to reach the shores
of the ocean.
listened to the Great Being's convincing oration and to praise
the Great Being, the goddess intoned the staza:
Anyone who is so full of righteous patience will never founder
in the vast ocean that has no bounds.
With this manly perseverance, you will be able to go wherever
After theses words, Mani Mekhala asked: "O Wise One,
who has such determination, where could I take you?" When
the Great Being as lightly as one would pick a bunch of flowers.
She cradled him to her breast with her arms like one would one's
dear child, flying up in the air.
As she did so she intoned an additional atnza:
O Wish One, thy meaningful words should not be lost in this
wide empty expanse. Thou shouldst share with others the boon
of enlightened wisdom that come from thy lips. When the time
comes, thou shouldst establish an institute of high learning,
called The Bodhiyalaya Great Wisdom Centre. Only on that day,
whilst thou have fulfilled thy mission.
The word bodhiyalaya means the abode of enlightenment.
The word mahavijjalaya means the abode of the great knowledge.
The Great Being was exhausted after seven days in the briny water.
At the magic touch, he soon fell asleep. Then Mani Mekhala brought
the Great Being to Mithila Nagara. She laid him down to sleep
on his right side on a Propitious Stone slab in the Mango Grove.
She delegated the duties of guarding the Great Being to local
spirits in the Grove and she left for her own abode.
Sivali Devi who was an in
the courtiers asked King Polajanaka, as he was lying on his death
bed: "You Majesty, after your demise, whom shall all of
us entrust the throne to?"
The King answered: "All of you should entrust the throne
to the one who would be able to please Sivali Devi our daughter,
or to the one who would be able to tell which side is the head
of the Square Throne, or to the one who would be able to string
the Bow that requires the strength of a thousand men, or the
one who would be able to discover the Sixteen Great treasures.
All of you will entrust the throne to that one."
All the courtiers said: "Your Majesty, pray speak out the
riddle of those treasures to all of us."
The King then spoke out the riddles about various things, and
of all the treasures, thus:
These Sixteen Great Treasures are: the Treasure of the Rising
sun, the treasure of the Setting Sun, the Treasure inside, the
Treasure Outside, the Treasure which neither inside Nor Out side,
the Treasure going Up, the Treasure at the Four Banyan Trees,
e Treasure enclosed by the Circle One League Long, the Great
Treasure at the End of the Pair of Tusks, the Treasure at the
End of the Tail's hair, the Treasure in the Water, the Treasure
at the Top of the Tree and the Bow which needs a Thousand Men
Which side is the Head of the Square Throne and to please Sivail
The King Polajanaka passed away to heaven. His body was cremated.
After that, on the seventh day, all the courtiers had a meeting
to consult about the King's wishes to entrust the throne to the
one who would please the royal daughter.
(They gave the Chief Minister the first chance. He did not succeed
and he came back humiliated. Others fared no better. Later, nobody was successful in the attempt
to string the Thousandfold Bow. Nobody was able to tell which
side was the Head of the Square Throne. And nobody was able to
discover the Sixteen Treasures.)
The Privy Councillor said: "We should use the Grand Chariot.
Because King who comes riding on the Grand Chariot will be able
to reign over the whole of Jambudipa" The Grand Chariot
went to the Mango Grove. did adexterambulation around the Propitious
Stone and stopped near the Great Being.
All the people, the courtiers and the Privy Councillor included,
hailed and crowned the Great Being on the spot.
Later the Great Being was able to solve King Polajanaka's four
riddles; then asked if there were any other riddles; the courtiers
said there were none.
All the people were overjoyed and elated; they said: "Oh,
what a wonderment! This King is a real genius!"
Subsequently, the |King ordered that his Mother and the Brahmin
be invited to come from Kalachapaka Nagara.
He organized a grand ceremony to pay his respects to them. All
the people in the state of Videha were very excited and celebrated
with a musical festival.
As the Grate Being, seated on his throne, was attending the function,
he recalled his efforts in the ocean.
When he did so, he reflected that perseverance is an essential
thing: had we not persevered in the ocean, we would not be on
As he was musing about perseverance, he felt elated and so imbued
with happiness that he exclaimed:
....Things that we do not plan may happen. Things that we
do plan may well meet with disaster. Wealth will not come to
anybody by just dreaming about it.
From that time on, the Grate Being practiced the Ten Rules
of Kingship. He reigned with righteousness. He supported all
the hermit Buddhas.
Queen Sivali Devi gave birth to a royal son who fulfDighavurajanakumara.
One day, the Chief Park Tender brought to the King many different
kinds of fruit of many sizes and various kinds of flowers.
Seeing all these, King Mahajanaka was very happy; he congratulated
the Park Tender and said: "Look here, Chief Park Tender,
we wish to see the Royal Park; go and prepare it." The Chief
Park Tender acknowledged the royal wish, took action accordingly
and informed the King.
The Grate Being, riding on the neck of the royal elephant, left
the city with a long retinue and arrived the
Near the gate, there was two mango trees with resplendent green
One of these had no fruit; the other had many. The fruit was
extremely sweet. Nobody could pick the fruit from that tree because
the King had not yet eaten the tasty fruit.
Seated on the neck the elephant, the Grate Being picked one fruit
and tasted it. As it touched the tip of the Grate Being's tongue
the fruit seemed like nectar.
The Grate Being thought: "We shall eat our fill on the way
back," and entered the Royal Park.
The others, from the Viceroy to the elephant maahouts and the
horse handlers, seeing that the King had already eaten the tasty
fruit, all picked so,m;me and had their fill.
Still other who came in later, used sticks to break down branches;
the tree was denuded of leaves; the tree was uprooted. The other
mango tree still stood majestically as a mountain glistening
like a gem.
The King came out of the Royal Park; seeing this spectacle, he
asked the courtiers: " What is all this?"
The courtiers said: "The people, knowing that Your Majesty
had already eaten the succulent fruit, fought among themselves
to get a bite of that mango fruit."
The King asked: "The foliage and the resplendence of this
tree are all gone, but the foliage and the resplendence of the
yon tree are still intact.
How is it so?"
All the courtiers said: " The foliage and the resplendence
of the other tree are not all gone because it bears no fruit."
The King, on hearing thus, felt very sad. .He mused: "That
tree is still beautiful green, because it has no fruit, but this
tree has been cut down and uprooted because it bore fruits.
The throne is like tree with fruits; peaceful retirement is like
the tree without fruits. Danger lurks around the one with worries
and does not menace the one without worries. We will not be like
the tree with fruits; we will be like the one without fruit."
The King returned to the city and went to the palace. At the
door of the palace, he paused for an instant and thought about
what the Goddess Mani Mekhala had told him at the moment she
picked him up from the sea.
The King could not remember the exact words, for he was exhausted
and drowsy from the seven-day swimming in the briny water, but
he knew that she had said he would not find the path to absolute
happiness without sharing the wisdom he had found in the ocean.
Mani Mekhala had told him to establish an institute of high learning
called the Pudalay Mahavijjalaya. Once he had fulfilled this
mission, he could find the path to peaceful retirement.
The Grate Being thought: "Each one,may he a trader, a farmer,
a king, or a priest, has his duty to do. Anyway,
before anything else, we have to find a way to revive the fruitful
So he summoned the chief minister and told him: "Go and
invite the Brahmin to came here, together with a couple of his
Udicchabrahmana Mahsla promptly came, along with two disciples,
Charutejobrahmana and Gajendra Singha Pandit.
Of these two, the first mentioned was an expert i
The moment the arrived, Gajendra Singha Panpit threw himself
at the feet of the King and said: "Your humble servant is
at fault; when the courtiers asked me to pick mangoes for the
Viceroy, I used my new automatic fruit harvester, unwitting that
it would uproot the mango tree. Your Majesty!"
The King said: " Do not despair, my God inventive man. The
mango tree is down already. Now the problem is: how to restore
the mango tree to its former state. We have nine methods for
this; some of these could be usable.
first: culturing the seeds;
second: nursing the roots so they grow again;
third: culturing (cutting) the branches;
fourth: grafting on the other tree;
fifth: bud-grafting on the other tree;
sixth: splicing (approach grafting) the branches;
seventh: layering the branches;
eighth: smoking the fruitless tree, so that it bears fruit;
ninth: culturing the cells in a container.
Brahmana Mahasala, pray order your two disciples to study the
problem and do the implementation."
Udicchabrahmana acknowledged the royal order by saying: "Your
Eminent Majesty, Gajendra Singha will immediately bring the machine
to raise the tree to its upright station. And Charutejo will
collect the seeds and the branches to act according to the royal
The King ordered the two to hasten on their way, but bade the
Brahmana Mahasala to stay on for further consultation.
When they were alone, the King told the Brahmin: "We have
kept this to ourselves for a very long time, ever since the time
we embarked for Suvarnabhumi. Just before the giant waves charged
at the ship, we overheard saying : "Non, pudalay yak su
kab pla lae tao. (pronounced: noun, bpoo tul-lay yuk soo gkub
plar lae dtow." meaning : over there, a giant sea crab fights
with fish and turtles.)" And they also said that whoever
manages to step on that giant crab, will achieve greatness,
provided he practises genuine perseverance."
The Brahmin said: " I have also heard of a story in this
vein, but I do not know if there are such giant crabs."
The King spoke further: "There surely are. After jumping
from the top of the mast into the sea beyond the fish and the
turtles, we swam in the ocean. We rested from time to time. Sometimes
we felt like treading on the sea floor, like being near the shore,
the same feeling as the sixth individual among the Seven Individuals
(in the Fifth Udakupamasutta). In fact, it was the Giant Sea
Crab." The Brahmin said: "Really, that was great merit
of your perseverance."
The King continued: "As the Goddess Mani Mekhala picked
us up from the sea, she said: "Thou shouldst share with
others the boon of enlightened wisdom." When time comes
thou shouldst establish an institute of high learning. At that
time we were exhausted and dazed; so we thought we heard we should
name the institute after the sea crab which is called 'Pudalay'
in Suvarnabhumic language. Now we are not sure of the name; please,
great teacher, voice your thoughts."
The Brahmin said: "In my humble opinion, the Goddess must
have said 'Bodhiyalaya', the same name as the Hermits' Institute
in the Jetavana Temple, in Devamahanagara, Suvarnabhumi. But
if the institute is called the 'Pudalay Mahavijjalaya', it would
be quite adequate."
The King said: "thank you, dear teacher. We are sure that
time has come to establish th
From the Viceroy down to the elephant mahouts and the horse handlers,
and up from the horse handler
They lack not only technical knowledge but also common knowledge,
i.e. common sense: they do not even know what is good for them.
They like mangoes, but they destroy the good mango tree."
The Brahmin supported the idea; he said: "Wise King, do
not have to worry; I still have some good dependable and The
Pudalay Mahavijjalaya will be established. Mithila is not yet
at a loss for good people!"
Bhumibol Adulyadej(the ninth monarch of the Royal House of chak)